Variable rate fertilization involves the coordinate (point) fertilization of the problem areas of crops, taking into account the heterogeneity of each cultivated area.

The concept of this technology first appeared in the 1980-s in the United States when the government pursued “accurate execution of technological processes for the maximum yield evenly produced throughout the field with the rational use of resources for each  crop cultivation”.

The essence of the technology is more efficient use of fertilizers by developing the ways and technical means for variable rate fertilization when sowing crops.